|Governing through Contradictions.||Seminars and Colloquia||Ayşe ÇağlarUlrike Flader||
Turkey is currently governed by a regime which blurs the line between authoritarian and democratic rule. While some authors tend to interpret this state as a moment of transition towards full authoritarianism, this paper argues that we should rather understand the coevalness of democratic and non-democratic practices as a deliberate and “cunning” mode of government, which we call soft authoritarian.
|Slavic Bazaar: Performances and Instrumentalizations of the Slavic discourse 1791 - 2017||Seminars and Colloquia||Katherine YoungerLudger HagedornTomáš Glanc||
The ideology of Slavic unity and reciprocity has been a crucial pattern of European thought and culture since the beginning of the 19th century, and it is still relevant today.
In his presentation, Tomáš Glanc will discuss the development, the teleology, and the typologies of this heterogeneous discourse. The talk will outline performative practices of “Slaventum” rich in contradictions, geopolitical phantasms and geopoetic fictions. Glanc will use examples from different disciplines such as literature, art, linguistics, but also referring to political essays, institutional history, and the history of gymnastics.
|The Post-Coloniality of Asylum Infrastructure||Seminars and Colloquia||Ayşe ÇağlarPaolo Novak||
Speakers: Ayşe ÇağlarPaolo Novak
Series: Seminars and Colloquia
This presentation takes as its object of analysis and investigation asylum seekers’ reception centres in a central Italian province. It builds upon literature concerned with the logistification of asylum to conceive these centres as nodes of the EU humanitarian border, yet it moves beyond the exclusive concern with the migrant-border dialectic that characterises most literature on the subject. In its attempt to dig deeper into the social ontology of the humanitarian border, the presentation de-centres the logistical gaze cast on asylum management characterising this literature by foregrounding instead the productive relation between the humanitarian border and the place-specific social dynamics that explain its emergence and reproduction in concrete settings. Accounting for the multiple and variegated histories, stories, agencies and trajectories that become entangled in the rooms of these reception centres, the paper argues that critical border scholars need to move beyond an exclusive concern with the border-migrant dialectic, and to reorient our attention towards an appreciation of borders’ place-specific configurations. In bringing to the fore the unevenness of these entanglements in each of these reception centres, the presentation also suggests recalibrating contemporary concerns with the coloniality of asylum, of migration, and of infrastructure. The expression ‘postcoloniality of asylum infrastructure’ wants to entangle colonial world-making legacies with everyday practices of place-making.
|Limits and Divisions of Human Histories||Lecture||Andrzej NowakKatherine YoungerLudger Hagedorn||
The theory of history, as presented by Reinhart Koselleck (1923-2006), offers an intellectually tempting structure of three anthropological distinctions that prescribe figures of all possible histories (individual and collective): sooner or later, inside and outside, above and below. The first one signifies the span between being born and having to die, which makes every life unique and at the same time part of a particular generational experience. It could also be rendered as “old” and “new”. Uses of the second pair might be analysed as a contrast between public and private, or as a contemporary fear stemming from the contrast between “home” and “intruders”. The third pair Andrzej Nowak will try to “translate” not just in “master” and “slave” categories, but rather as “pupil” and “teacher”, or even “therapist” and “patient”. Nowak will try to read Koselleck’s structure in a perspective offered by spatial/temporal concepts of contemporary “Europe in progress” (or “Europe in crisis”), as well as in another, non-political perspective of esthetic renditions of the three above mentioned Koselleck’s abstract pairs ¬ in Andrzej Wajda’s “Birchwood” movie, the last scene of Richard Strauss’s “Rosenkavalier”, and in Philip Larkin’s poem: “An Arundel Tomb”. The question is whether love can be included into these conflicting pairs as a possible factor transcending their structures?
|The One That Got Away / Everyday Life During Armed Conflicts||Seminars and Colloquia||Dimiter KenarovKeith KrauseLudger HagedornPaweł PieniążekSoli Özel||
Series: Seminars and Colloquia
In this Joint Fellows Colloquium we had presentations from two of our current Fellows, both from the Milena Jesenská Fellowship Program for Journalists, Dimitar Kenarov and Paweł Pieniążek.
Dimitar Kenarov is a freelance journalist and poet based in Sofia, Bulgaria.
Paweł Pieniążek is a Polish journalist covering conflicts in Eastern Europe and the Middle East.
|Junior Visiting Fellows’ Conference Winter 2021||Conferences and Workshops||Ayşe ÇağlarFilip MilačićFrantiška SchormováGeoffrey AungGiorgia DonàJeremy AdelmanKatherine YoungerMallika LeuzingerOksana KlymenkoPavel HorákRuzha SmilovaSebastian HaugTeresa BaronVictoria FominaDoğuş ŞimşekStefan Segi, Julian Strube||
Speakers: Ayşe ÇağlarFilip MilačićFrantiška SchormováGeoffrey AungGiorgia DonàJeremy AdelmanKatherine YoungerMallika LeuzingerOksana KlymenkoPavel HorákRuzha SmilovaSebastian HaugTeresa BaronVictoria FominaDoğuş ŞimşekStefan Segi, Julian Strube
Series: Conferences and Workshops
The Junior Visiting Fellows' Conference is a bi-annual event at the Institute for Human Sciences that gives the Junior Fellows to present their work and research in a day-long conference. A traditional, semester-closing, celebration of the talented young researchers that is as old as the Institute itself, is always organized by the Junior Fellows themselves and usually includes Senior Fellows, Staff members and Alumni among others as commentators and discussants.
|The Precarious Lives of Syrians: Temporary Protection and the Turkey/EU Deal||Seminars and Colloquia||Ayşe ÇağlarFeyzi Baban||
Speakers: Ayşe ÇağlarFeyzi Baban
Series: Seminars and Colloquia
Turkey currently hosts over 4million Syrian refugees who have no prospects of gaining long-term legal status. Their precarious lives are further complicated with the EU’s ongoing collaboration with Turkey to prevent them from claiming refugee status in the EU member states. The EU’s externalization efforts through its cooperation with Turkey further contribute to the precarious lives of Syrians and enable European states to ignore their international obligation to protect Syrians. In my talk, I will discuss elements of “architecture of precarity,” which defines the living conditions of Syrians and their legal prospects for status as a series of structurally conditioned obstacles. Domestic and international, these obstacles are designed to prevent Syrian refugees from claiming legal protection and attaining long-term legal status, including citizenship. While this “architecture of precarity” is most visible in Turkey’s treatment of Syrians, its legal elements such as externalization and ambiguous legal status are increasingly used by many states worldwide to circumvent the international legal framework of refugee protection.
|The “Sunny” Side Of The Holocaust. Dr. Endre Szántó’s Photo Album From His Forced Labour Service, 1940||Seminars and Colloquia||András LénártLudger HagedornIngo Zechner||
“Millions of images taken by SS propaganda teams and a smaller number of photographs taken by victims, bystanders and liberators have survived.” This is possibly the most cited sentence on the topic of Holocaust photography, written by Sybil Milton (Images of the Holocaust, 1986). However, in the case of Hungary only hundreds of images are known, and the systematic exploration of these is yet to take place.
|Russia’s Foreign Policy After COVID-19: Continuity and Change||Panels and Discussions||Ivan KrastevAndrey Kortunov||
Speakers: Ivan KrastevAndrey Kortunov
Series: Panels and Discussions
In this next Geopolitical Talk with IWM Permanent Fellow Ivan Krastev, Andrey Kortunov, Director General of the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC), discussed how although the pandemic has not produced any radical changes in Putin’s foreign policy, there are nevertheless some new nuances: an increased focus on the domestic agenda; greater pragmatism in dealing with allies and adversaries, with an emphasis on top level personal diplomacy; fewer major international proposals, with more sensitivity to the alleged foreign interference into political processes in Russia. This trend to self-isolation notwithstanding, Kortunov addressed how it is still possible to observe some openings for collaboration between Russia and the West.
|The Future of Belarus in Europe||Panels and Discussions||Katherine YoungerWojciech PrzybylskiSviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, Christian Ultsch, Franak Viačorka||
Speakers: Katherine YoungerWojciech PrzybylskiSviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, Christian Ultsch, Franak Viačorka
Series: Panels and Discussions
What is the place of Belarus on the Western political agenda? How does the current situation impinge on future cooperation?
Over the past year Belarus has made its mark Europeans’ mental map as a country with a vibrant civil society and the potential for democratic change. Aliaksandr Lukashenka’s authoritarian regime, in power for the last 27 years, has thwarted every attempt at change. He lost the presidential election in August 2020 and is holding society hostage domestically. He has also begun to threaten the EU. Unprecedented pressure is being put on the European block through the weaponization of refugees and migrants from MENA countries, who are brought on purpose to the borders of the EU by the regime.
The European Union is seeking ways to respond to this most serious of challenges. That response entails weighing risks and opportunities for the future of the continent. What will the future hold for Belarus in Europe?