|Years that Changed the Face of Europe: 1989 and 2022||Exhibition||Dariusz StolaKatherine YoungerLudger HagedornTimothy Garton Ash||
In his talk, Timothy Garton Ash reflected upon the years 1989 and 2022 as dramatic events that “change the face of Europe for ever,” as the title of his Guardian column put it. The presentation was followed by a discussion with Polish historian Dariusz Stola (like Garton Ash a member of the IWM’s Board) and IWM Permanent Fellow Ludger Hagedorn. The event was moderated by IWM Permanent Fellow Katherine Younger.
|How Does - And How Should - The EU Tell Europe’s Story to the World?||Panels and Discussions||Ivan VejvodaJulia De Clerck-SachsseLuuk van MiddelaarNathalie Tocci||
Series: Panels and Discussions
In addition to the battlefield, today’s confrontation of alternative ideologies is increasingly playing out in the realm of words. States and non-state actors alike routinely use disinformation and ‘alternative facts’ to sow confusion, breed fear, and undermine trust. In this brave new world, a compelling narrative will be paramount for the survival of the European project. How can the European Union best tell its story in these difficult times?
|Governance of Forced Migration in South Asia||Seminars and Colloquia||Ayşe ÇağlarSabyasachi Basu Ray Chaudhury||
Speakers: Ayşe ÇağlarSabyasachi Basu Ray Chaudhury
Series: Seminars and Colloquia
The world has been witnessing frequent mixed and massive flows of population in the recent times, when refugees, asylum-seekers, and migrants on the move together can hardly be differentiated. The New York Declaration 2016, and its two Global Compacts—the “Global Compact on Refugees” (GCR) and the “Global Compact on Safe Orderly and Regular Migration” (GCM)—raised expectations for better governance of international human migration by committingitself to securing the rights and protection of refugees and migrants in the context of human rights discourse and working toward sustainable development. But even this laudable initiative seems to have been triggered specifically by Europe’s reaction to its 2015 “crisis” and the disconcerting images that circulated as migrants and refugees from different parts of the world crossed the Mediterranean to reach European shores, with many perishing in the sea.
|Ukraine and the Future of Europe||Conferences and Workshops||Ivan VejvodaKatherine YoungerTimothy Garton Ash||
As Ukrainians resist the Russian assault on their country, they speak powerfully of defending the principles and values on which the European project rests, and of Ukraine's place in Europe. The war has opened an opportunity for the European Union to reaffirm its purpose, as not merely an economic union but a normative alliance. Will this moment of European unity and resolve lead to lasting change? What can Ukraine expect from Europe? And what can Europe learn from Ukraine?
|Tempering Power||Seminars and Colloquia||Adam SitzeLudger HagedornMartin Krygier||
The rule of law came to enjoy unprecedented acclaim after (and, it can be argued, directly because of) the collapse of communism in Europe. In recent decades, and throughout the world, there has likely been more said, paid, and promoted in its name than ever before. But quantity has not always gone together with quality. The rule of law has been the beneficiary of many more stale words than fresh thoughts. And today its aura has dimmed. Yet it is hugely important to think well about it and find better ways.
|Ideological Fluidity of Collective National Rights||Seminars and Colloquia||Adam SitzeOskar Mulej||
Conferring collective rights to various kinds of subnational groups has been and remains a controversial subject. A legal device for empowering ethnic and other minorities, collective rights may also present a solid challenge for liberal polities and are often perceived as potentially encroaching on individual liberty, legal equality, as well as national sovereignty.
|Benefizabend mit Andrej Kurkow||Other||Andrei Kurkov|
|The Limits of Migration Control||Lecture||Dariusz StolaIvan VejvodaRanabir Samaddar||
Thanks to a historically unprecedented system of police control, transnational mobility from European communist states is probably the best documented social phenomenon of its kind and a unique experiment in the limits of the state control of mobility. This lecture presented some of the conclusions of Stola’s research project on migrations from communist Poland. These migrations underwent a marked evolution, from the movement of millions of people in the 1940s; to almost nil under the non-exit policy of the early 1950s; to the reemergence and gradual expansion of transnational mobility, especially within the Soviet bloc, between 1956 and 1980; to mass population flows in the late 1980s. Each trip outside the bloc, and indeed each trip abroad for most of the duration of communist rule, required applying for a permit from the Security Service. This procedure resulted in an archival collection of passport files that fills some 60 kilometers of shelf space. Despite the constraints, more than two million people eventually left Poland for good, and temporary movements occurred on a mass scale, pioneering forms of mobility that continued well after 1989. This lecture shed light on the key factors and currents of migration in communist Poland, as well as the evolution of the migration regime, from early imitation of the Soviet model to its eventual implosion.
|The ‘Authoritarian International’||Seminars and Colloquia||Ludger HagedornMartin KrygierRicardo Pagliuso Regatieri||
Ricardo Regatieri offered a Zeitdiagnose of the contemporary world focusing on lies and conspiracy theories in the age of internet, and showed how the political and communicational environment has been fertile for the rise of far-right wing leaders, parties and movements on the global level. Following that, he presented five key elements of bolsonarismo, pointing out its political rhetoric and practical consequences. He proposed that Bolsonaro and bolsonarismo can only be properly understood when considered in the intersection between global tendencies and local drivers.
|War in Europe – Again||Panels and Discussions||Dariusz StolaIvan VejvodaSerhii PlokhiiChristine Ockrent, Cathryn Clüver Ashbrook||
Series: Panels and Discussions
Diplomatic efforts between the US, Europe and Russia have failed dismally. Russia has invaded Ukraine, a sovereign European nation, with a massive military onslaught. An independent European country is being subjected to an attempt at recolonization. The world order created after 1989 has been disrupted and Europe is on the back foot. Europe and the United States are responding through sanctions and support to Ukraine. Some are calling this “Putin’s war”. How far will Russia go? Is the intent regime change in Kyiv? Is Ukraine the endgame? Will it end up in a quagmire with fierce civil resistance? Is the West’s response adequate to the challenge? Is this a second Cold War? And is Putin “isolating” Europe by strengthening his alliance with China? What is the future of Europe’s geopolitical promise of being a strategic actor?