|Reflections on Mass Violence: War, Excess and Responsibility||Lecture||Ludger HagedornNergis Canefe||
This talk examined the role of judgment and philosophical engagement in the determination of the scope of international [criminal] law in such crises. Specifically, it examined what Kurt Flasch aptly called "the spiritual mobilization" of philosophy. It revisited Jan Patočka's interpretation of the First World War in the sixth of his Heretical Essays. As Patočka declared, the "excessive" character of the 20th century was best exemplified in the dangerously romantic conception of "force."
|Semester Opening||Social and Networking Events||Ivan KrastevMisha Glenny||
On the occasion of the Semester Opening at the Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen, Rector Misha Glenny cordially invited the Fellows who are already in house, and especially those who have arrived in the course of September, the Permanent Fellows, and the Staff to participate in an evening conversation about the current state of politics and society in the IWM Library.
|A Black Box in Dark Times: Russian Public Opinion in the Midst of Despotism and War||Seminars and Colloquia||Ivan KrastevKirill Rogov||
While not doing too well on the battlefield, Vladimir Putin is taking advantage of the weak resistance to his military venture at home. This allows him to avoid responsibility for failures and wage a protracted war of attrition in Ukraine. But what is behind the poll numbers demonstrating massive support for the war in Russia? Are they relevant, and how should we interpret them? Do they have the same meaning as polls conducted in conditions of political pluralism and freedom of opinion? An analysis of long-term trends in the dynamics of Putin's popularity allows Kirill Rogov to reveal some of the mechanisms of "support inflation" under the authoritarian regime and the role of wars in these dynamics.
|Ukraine, the Western Balkans and How to Revive the Broken EU Accession Process||Panels and Discussions||Heather GrabbeIvan VejvodaKristof Bender||
In June Ukraine and Moldova got EU candidate status. Hailed as a historic achievement, in practice the accession process is still stuck. Several member states insist that further steps towards enlargement have to be preceeded by internal reforms, in particular of the EU’s decision making structures. This will take many years. Meanwhile, the reluctance of these EU member states has blocked the accession process. This can be vividly observed in the Western Balkans, where reforms have stalled for years and where the frontrunners are hardly better prepared than some of the countries that have not even started accession negotiations yet. The reluctance of EU member states and the failings of the accession process are reinforcing each other and have created a vicious circle. If nothing changes, Ukraine and Moldova are set to join the Balkan club of disillusionment.
|Digitized Migrants||-||Conferences and Workshops||Giorgia DonàRanabir SamaddarAyşe ÇağlarAhmet İçudygu||
The two Global Compacts on migration have advocated the increased use of digital technologies to enhance the protection, welfare, and development of refugees and migrants. The use of new technologies of surveillance that identify, track, and control the people crossing borders result in the increasing digitalization of borders, migrants, and their management. Biometrics and automated decision-making tools, as well as the surveillance of social media have increasingly become central to migration management technologies. These border security technologies are not simply technological improvement of existing forms of border control or governance. The militarization and computerization of borders raise important questions about the politics of data, data subjects, biopolitics, (scales of) sovereignty, regulation, and different forms of sovereign, regulatory, and disciplinary power. We are yet to fully grasp the social implications of this new regime of automated truth registration. Does it create new inequalities and/or reinforce old ones? Is it only a tool of oppression, appropriation and exclusion, or does it offer any opportunity for emancipation? How can we think about agency and solidarity in a digital word?
|Jan Patočka. Philosoph und Staatsfeind||-||Exhibition||
Präsentiert wird der Philosoph Jan Patočka in ausgewählten, großformatigen Zitaten, in Tondokumenten und in einer s/w Fotoserie, die in den frühen 70er Jahren in der Nähe des geschichtsträchtigen Weißen Berges bei Prag entstand. Gezeigt werden ebenso ausgewählte Dokumente und eine Installation, die ein Schlaglicht werfen auf die lückenlose Überwachung des „Staatsfeindes“ in den wenigen Wochen von der Formulierung der Charta 77 bis zum Tod des Philosophen am 13. März 1977.
|The Future Eastern Part of Europe: Ukraine, Russia||Panels and Discussions||Ivan VejvodaOksana ForostynaVeronica AnghelBalázs Jarábik||
The promise of EU membership of Ukraine epitomized by the recent candidacy is certainly one of the aspects that will define the country’s future. What does the recent history of EU enlargement suggest? Who will prevail in the clash of narratives and actions employed by both the proponents and the opponents of EU enlargement? Are we witnessing a revival of European integration or possibly a worsening of East-West and other divisions within the European Union? What are the immediate implications of the war on Ukraine and the larger impact on the (Western part of the) EU’s Eastern Neighborhood, e.g. the direct neighbors Belarus and Moldova? And, where will Russia (crash)land in the wake of its brutal war of aggression?
|Documenting Ukraine Info Session||Session||Katherine YoungerKseniya Kharchenko||
Speakers: Katherine YoungerKseniya Kharchenko
This info session was intended for those considering applying for a grant within the framework of the IWM's Documenting Ukraine project. Learn more about the project's concept and goals, the application and evaluation process, and what happens after a proposal is accepted. Project staff will be available to answer questions in English and Ukrainian.
|Sex/Gender in the Brain: Critical Notes on fMRI-Studies||Seminars and Colloquia||Anelis Kaiser TrujilloClemena Antonova||
In this talk, Anelis Kaiser Trujillo aimed to present and discuss how sex/gender is categorized, treated, measured and discovered in (f)MRI studies, i.e., in studies that look at how women and men differ in structure and function of the brain. Central to her research is a transdisciplinary background in neuroscience and gender studies. While in neuroscience gender is a hard variable, in gender studies it is a social phenomenon, a result and a facet of human action and social structures––in short: a social construct. Kaiser Trujillo’s aim is to bridge the divide between these two epistemologically different approaches.
|The EU, the Ukraine War and the Meaning of Resilience||Lecture||Ivan VejvodaNathalie Tocci||
Resilience can both mean the readiness to withstand pain and the ability to bounce back and transform. Against the backdrop of the Ukraine war, Vladimir Putin banks on the EU’s low threshold of pain endurance, be it in terms of bearing the energy and economic costs of the war, its defense implications or the long-term societal acceptance of refugees. The EU instead relies on its inherent DNA to transform crises into opportunities for the integration project. As the Ukraine war grinds on, which interpretation of resilience is more likely to win the day?