JVF Conference Papers
The beginning of twentieth century, precisely having in mind the period between 1905 and 1914, involved a certain matrix of Polish-Jewish relations. The spread of political anti-Semitism had led to a serious alteration in the Polish attitude to the Jews. No less important significant for Polish-Jewish relations was the powerful rise of Jews in the Polish lands. The period of Polish monoculture, sustained by both sides, was no longer possible. The majority of the Polish political class, however, did not want to recognize this fundamental fact.