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EU leadership in the international fight against climate change was shaken at the Copenhagen Summit in 2009 which failed to establish a post-2012 agreement. As the geopolitics of climate change evolve, the Europe struggles to reinvigorate its leadership.
For the last two centuries the Balkans have been at the center of international relations, eclipsed lately only by the Near East, of which they were once deemed to be a part. At the beginning of the 20th century they were transformed from an innocuous name into a …
Instead of dwelling upon the catastrophes of the twentieth century, many Europeans ask if we should not thoughtfully “forget” them. However, the endurance of historical memory in the united Europe is demonstrated by contemporary political differences between European member states, which can be dealt with only if a European memory is developed. The difficulty here lies in paying due respect to the memory of the crimes both of National Socialism and of Soviet totalitarianism while avoiding a hierarchy of competing victim groups.
Directly after the fall of communism, hopes burgeoned for democracy and capitalism in a “new” eastern central Europe. What does the current climate of populism, and in many cases an accompanying extremist nationalism, mean for these hopes? How does it affect these countries’ relations with the EU? The apprehension and opposition towards European integration that populist movements share could make current EU member states even more resistant to extending further east and could erode the political bonds within the EU. Although the EU has experienced populism before without toppling, just how far can its “absorption capacity” stretch?
Thomas Manns Albtraum (oder zumindest einer seiner politischen Albträume) war bekanntlich, dass es dereinst ein deutsches Europa anstatt eines europäischen Deutschland geben würde. Aus Sicht manch wacher Beobachter scheint diese Schreckensvision zu Beginn des einundzwanzigsten Jahrhunderts wahr zu werden – nur unter ganz anderen Vorzeichen als bei Mann: Heute fürchtet man nicht ein aggressiv-nationalistisches Deutschland, …
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