Was the postwar twentieth-century global history the epoch of the Cold War? My project challenges this traditional narrative, flipping it to embed the east-west conflict within a longer struggle against empire. I argue that we can view post-World War II global history in the long durée of anticolonial and postcolonial struggles to remake the world. I suggest that the struggle against empire was not only to change the bilateral
relationship between the métropole and the colony but also to transform the world, a struggle that collided and became entangled with the Cold War.