During the 20th century, the communities of Central and East European countries experienced profound transformations. These transformations concerned not only political regimes, but also social consciousness and memory. The various communist regimes imposed on their populations their own narrative of memory through education, the media, and public remembrance ceremonies. After the fall of communism, history and memory underwent a complete revolution. The old heroes became the new anti-heroes and vice versa. This study focuses on the issues of how and whom the communities remember in a certain period, who was put into the national narratives, which facts and events have been chosen as the key for national self-understanding, as well as what was hidden and forgotten.