This project examines the emergence of the police as a separate domain of administration and as a social institution with a set of defined functions. When, how, and why did the investigation and prosecution of crime become a matter of state importance, deserving a separate institution? How did the police emerge and develop into a cohesive establishment? What consequences did the emergence of the modern police have on the processes of state formation? As a history of one institution, this project also explains Vienna’s relationships with provinces across chronological divides.