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Relatively little is known in the West about the “White Guard” type of anticommunism, which was prevalent on the European continent in the interwar period, and which is now triumphantly reborn in contemporary Eastern and Central Europe, including Hungary. The latter has tended to see socialism and communism as the uprising of the Untermensch, the biologically and spiritually inferior members of society. For these anticommunists, communism does not mean too little, but too much freedom, and the idea of equality is a sin against nature. And however one feels about putting up graven images of controversial thinkers for the pigeons in the park, one must understand: it is these anticommunists who will destroy Lukács’s statue.
One of the most enduring topoi of political philosophy is that particular interests and passions, combined with ignorance, are the major obstacles in the way of a rational ordering of public affairs. The whole idea is inspired by the hypothesis that passions are necessarily selfish and that reason is not. The assumption that there …
Spittelauer Lände 3