Based on his book ‘Fallout: Nuclear Diplomacy in an Age of Global Fracture
‘ (University of Chicago Press, 2014) Gregoire Mallard will discuss how Western states solved the tensions that existed between contradictory commitments contracted in the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) Treaty and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968 . In recent years legal and international relations scholars have increasingly debated the normative consequences of the ‘fragmentation
’ of international law. More rarely have they studied empirically how tensions between overlapping systems of rules emerge and are harmonized, or how conflicts are resolved, and with what effects. The lecture will contribute to such an endeavour and draw normative conclusions on how diplomats could try to lessen the tensions between regional and global orders in the case of other NPT outliers – e.g. Israel, India and Pakistan. The lecture will also address recent attempts to fight proliferation financing efforts under UNSCR 1540 and ask whether they have complemented or threatened previous non-proliferation regimes.
Grégoire Mallard is Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology and Sociology of Development at the Graduate Institute of Internationaland Development Studies (Geneva). His recent publications focus on nuclear governance in Europe and the Middle East, sanctions imposition and postwar financial negotiations, and the study of harmonization as a social process.