Kristina Andelova is a PhD candidate in History at the Charles University Prague and a Jan Patočka Junior Visiting Fellow at the IWM.
In terms of intellectual development, the last three decades of the 20th century in Europe can be defined as the gradual decline of Marxist and socialist political thought both in the East and in the West. The seminar will focus on this significant intellectual change by using the example of Czechoslovak oppositional thinkers to show what happened to the concept of democratic socialism between 1968 and the 1990s. Whereas in 1968 the concept of democratic socialism became a central political term expressing the liberation of the Czechoslovak society from “Soviet dogmatism”, in 1989 it lost its “horizon of expectation” and became marginal. Focusing on the development of the Czechoslovak oppositional Left, in my presentation I am going to explain this fundamental political change on the basis of its intellectual background.