The first presentation comparatively traces this process in two case studies, Romania and Hungary. What was similar and what differed in their state building processes in the 19th and 20th centuries? Secondly, what explains the recent emergence of similar problems with multi-party competition and institutional engineering in spite of a significant difference in the robustness of the start of post– communist democratization between the two countries? The outcome of this longitudinal process tracing suggests a forthright incompatibility between (some) post-communist realities and the legal-liberal order.
The principal investigators in the project will present their findings and show how informal norms and networks have run in parallel with state institutions to finally create “hybrid” democracies.
Mihai-Răzvan Ungureanu is a Romanian historian, politician and former Prime Minister of Romania. From January–December 2018 he is a Visiting Fellow at the IWM.
Veronica Anghel holds a PhD in Political Science at University of Bucharest.
From January–December 2018 she is a Junior Visiting Fellow at the IWM.