Jan-Werner Müller

VF_Mueller

Professor of Politics, Princeton University

Visiting Fellow
(September 2016 – June 2017)

Project:

Christian Democracy: A New Intellectual History

Political thought grouped under the rubric “Christian Democracy” is often considered as profoundly unoriginal and as the product of politicians and party activists (rather than political philosophers). I argue that there is an important body of thought responding to the challenge of how to reconcile Christianity and modern democracy in nineteenth and twentieth century Europe. In particular, I trace three strategies for finding a place for Christianity—and Catholicism in particular—in the modern democratic order (or, put differently, strategies to make democracy safe for Catholicism): the idea of creating or re-creating a Christian demos; the notion of constraining the demos through recognizably Christian institutions; and, lastly, Christian Democratic party politics. I also–very tentatively–suggest some lessons from this history, especially for thinking about the relationship between Islam and democracy today.

 


Previous stays at the IWM:
July August 2014, Visiting Fellow

 

More...

Austria: The Lesson of the Far Right

Heimat-Wetzgau_600x400
The presidential election situation that arose in Austria in May and will be repeated in October—a run-off between the Greens and the far right—has never occurred in Europe before. But it starkly reveals a fundamental political conflict that can be found in many Western democracies today. This conflict is not meaningfully described as one of “ordinary people versus the establishment.” In Austria, both the Freedom Party and the Green Party have been “established” since the mid-1980s; in Britain, Boris Johnson, one of the main faces of the Brexit campaign, is about as establishment as one can get in the UK; and Donald Trump is hardly the authentic representative of Main Street. Rather, on one side of the new conflict are those who advocate more openness: toward minorities at home and toward engagement with the world on the outside.
Read more

Behind the New German Right

iStock_000076946881_Large_600x400
Throughout its postwar history, Germany somehow managed to resist the temptations of right-wing populism. Not any longer. It is now possible to be an outspoken nationalist without being associated with—or, for that matter, without having to say anything about—the Nazi past.
Read more

Parsing Populism: Who Is and Who Is Not a Populist These Days

NEW YORK CITY - SEPTEMBER 3 2015: Republican candidate for president Donald Trump announced he had signed a pledge not to run as an independent candidate should he fail to win the party's nomination in 2016.
Donald Trump is but Bernie Sanders isn’t; Syriza is, sometimes. Contemporary populism is not just anti-elitist, but also necessarily anti-pluralist, and in this exclusive claim to representation lies its profoundly undemocratic character.
Read more

Putinism, Orbanism… But Is There an “Ism”?

Travail Famille Patrie_Slider
Putin and Orbán want to be strong leaders of what are essentially weak countries. Their goal is not an ideological world revolution, but a game of outsmarting the West.
Read more

Europe’s Other Democracy Problem

Peace_March_for_Hungary_-_2013.10.23_(24)
Not just British Eurosceptics complain incessantly about the EU’s ‘democratic deficit’. Across the continent, European citizens feel that, as the cliché goes, ‘distant and bureaucratic Brussels’ is not democratically accountable. It may turn out that this year’s elections to the European Parliament, for all their faults, were a start in rendering the Union more democratic.
Read more

Erdoğan and the Paradox of Populism

2014_Turkish_Presidential_Election_campaign_Slider
The triumph of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in Turkey’s first direct presidential election is no surprise. Erdoğan is popular, and, as Prime Minister since 2003, he has been riding a wave of economic success. But he is also a populist, who has steadily tightened his grip on the state and the media, demonizing all critics (including former allies such as the expatriate cleric Fethullah Gülen) in the process.
Read more

Moscow’s Trojan Horse. In Europe’s Ideological War, Hungary Picks Putinism

Monument to the victims of the German occupation, Szabadság square, Budapest. Live exhibition of the demonstrators
Late last month, in a speech in Transylvania, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban announced nothing less than his government’s break with liberal democracy. Orban’s words have made waves across the West, and his defenders have been busy insisting that he was only dismissing what he called “the liberal understanding of society”: in essence, ruthless capitalism and selfish individualism.
Read more

“Der Populismus sieht nur demokratisch aus”

Jan-Werner_Müller_Slider
Der Populismus konfrontiere den liberalen demokratischen Mainstream mit seinen Versäumnissen, sagt der deutsche Politikwissenschafter Jan-Werner Müller, der die diesjährigen IWM Lectures in Human Sciences hielt.
Read more

Real Problems – and How to Respond to Them

Populism is not just some form of political pathology. It also points at real problems, both in how democracy is justified as an ideal and in how actually existing democracies conduct themselves. For instance: what legitimately constitutes the boundaries of the “people”? The last lecture tried to make some headway in addressing these problems. The series as a whole finished with some thoughts on how best to respond to populists politically, culturally, and, sometimes, legally, and also ask whether it is possible to distinguish populists on the one hand from demagogues and democratic activists on the other.
Read more

Intrusions of the People: Ideals of Popular Sovereignty in History

This lecture examined how Europeans in particular have imagined people-making: what constitutes a people, how a people can act in history, and what it takes to preserve regimes that claim to instantiate popular rule. A long story of how continental Europeans became disenchanted with ideals of popular sovereignty will emerge – a development which in many ways has left Europe’s democracies more vulnerable to populist attacks.
Read more

Current Visiting Fellows and Guests

  • Gábor Almási

    Research Assistant, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Neo-Latin Studies, Innsbruck; MTA Lendület Postdoctoral Fellow, Eötvös Lorand University, Budapest

    Visiting Fellow
    (August – October 2016)
    Read more

  • Tobias Berger

    PhD in Politics, Freie Universität Berlin

    Junior Visiting Fellow
    (January – October 2016)
    Read more

  • Andrew Brandel

    PhD in Anthropology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore

    Junior Visiting Fellow
    (September 2016 – January 2017)
    Read more

  • Filipe Calvao

    Assistant Professor , Department of Anthropology and Sociology of Development, Graduate Institute, Geneva

    Visiting Fellow
    (September – December 2016)
    Read more

  • Holly Case

    Associate Professor of History, Brown University

    Visiting Fellow
    (September 2016 – June 2017)
    Read more

  • León Castellanos-Jankiewicz

    PhD candidate in International Law, Graduate Institute, Geneva

    Junior Visiting Fellow
    (September – December 2016)
    Read more

  • Vasyl Cherepanyn

    Head, Visual Culture Research Center (VCRC, Kyiv); editor, Political Critique magazine (Ukrainian edition); lecturer, Cultural Studies Department, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy

    Visiting Fellow, Ukraine in European Dialogue
    (September 2016)
    Read more

  • Timothy Colton

    Professor and Chair, Department of Government, Harvard University

    Visiting Fellow
    (September – December 2016)
    Read more

  • Evgeny Dobrenko

    Professor and Head, Department of Russian and Slavonic Studies; Co-Director, Prokhorov Centre, University of Sheffield

    EURIAS Visiting Fellow
    (September 2016 – June 2017)
    Read more

  • James Dodd

    Associate Professor of Philosophy, New School for Social Research, New York

    Guest
    (Septermber – October 2016)
    Read more

  • Hana Fořtová

    Research Fellow, Institute of Philosophy, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic

    Paul Celan Visiting Fellow
    (August – November 2016)
    Read more

  • Nani Hohokhia

    Associate Professor of History, Luhansk (now Starobilsk) Taras Shevchenko National University

    Ukraine in European Dialogue Fellow
    (September – October 2016)
    Read more

  • Natalija Jakubova

    Senior researcher, State Institute of Art Studies, Moscow

    Paul Celan Visiting Fellow
    (September – December 2016)
    Read more

  • Erika A. Kiss

    Associate Research Scholar, Director, University Center for Human Values Film Forum, Princeton University
    Read more

  • Bilyana Kourtasheva

    Post-Doc in Theory and History of Literature, New Bulgarian University, Sofia

    Krzysztof Michalski Junior Visiting Fellow
    (September 2016 – January 2017)
    Read more

  • Piotr Kubasiak

    PhD candidate in Catholic Theology, University of Vienna

    Bronislaw Geremek Junior Visiting Fellow
    (September 2016 – June 2017)
    Read more

  • Börries Kuzmany

    ÖAW APART Fellow, Institute for Modern and Contemporary History, Austrian Academy of Science

    Visiting Fellow
    (July – December 2016)
    Read more

  • Iva Lučić

    PhD in History, University of Uppsala

    Junior Visiting Fellow
    (August – December 2016)
    Read more

  • Adrian Mogos

    Freelance journalist, Romanian Centre for Investigative Journalism, Bucharest

    Milena Jesenská Visiting Fellow
    (August – October 2016)
    Read more

  • Jan-Werner Müller

    Professor of Politics, Princeton University

    Visiting Fellow
    (September 2016 – June 2017)
    Read more

  • Alexandru Polgár

    Editor, IDEA Design & Print Publishing, Cluj-Napoca

    Paul Celan Visiting Fellow
    (September – December 2016)
    Read more

  • Adam Daniel Rotfeld

    Faculty of Artes Liberales, Warsaw University; The Polish Institute of International Affairs, Warsaw; former Foreign Minister of Poland

    Sheptyts’kyi Senior Visiting Fellow, Ukraine in European Dialogue
    (September – December 2016)
    Read more

  • Anton Shekhovtsov

    Fellow, Legatum Institute, London

    Ukraine in European Dialogue Visiting Fellow
    (January – December 2017)
    Read more

  • Ovidiu Stanciu

    Teaching assistant in Political Theory, Institut d'Etudes Politiques (Sciences Po), Paris

    Paul Celan Visiting Fellow
    (July – September 2016)
    Read more

  • Ezgi Yildiz

    PhD in International Relations/International Law, Graduate Institute, Geneva

    Junior Visiting Fellow, Swiss?
    (September – December 2016)
    Read more

Former Visiting Fellows and Guests

Since its establishment in 1982, the IWM has hosted more than 1000 Visiting Fellows (VF), Junior Visiting Fellows (JVF) and Guests. As a rule, we state the affiliation they had at the time of their fellowship.

View all former Visiting Fellows and Guests