Timothy Snyder

Timothy Snyder

Timothy Snyder (1969, Ohio) is the Richard C. Levin Professor of History at Yale University and a Permanent Fellow at the IWM. He received his Bachelor of Arts in European history and political science from Brown University in 1991. He then became a British Marshall Scholar at the University of Oxford, where he completed his doctorate in 1997.

He has held fellowships at the Centre Nationale des Recherches Scientifiques, Paris (1994-1995); the Harvard University’s Olin Institute for Strategic Studies (1997); served as an Academy Scholar at Harvard’s Center for International Affairs (1998-2001); and has held multiple fellowships at the IWM in Vienna.

Among his publications are five award-winning books, all of which have been translated.  Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, a history of Nazi and Soviet mass killing on the lands between Berlin and Moscow, received a number of honors, including the Hannah Arendt Award for Political Thought, the Leipzig Prize for European Understanding and the Ralph Waldo Emerson Award in the Humanities.


Selected Publications

On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century, New York: Tim Duggan Books, 2017.
Über Tyrannei: Zwanzig Lektionen für den Widerstand, München: C.H.Beck, 2017.

Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning, New York: Tim Duggan Books, September 2015.
Black Earth: Der Holocaust und warum er sich wiederholen kann, München: C.H.Beck, September 2015.

Stalinism and Europe: Terror, War, and Domination, 1937-1947 (edited with Ray Brandon), Oxford University Press, 2014

Thinking the 20th Century (with Tony Judt), London: Penguin Books, 2011
Nachdenken über das 20. Jahrhundert (gemeinsam mit Tony Judt), München: Hanser, 2013

Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, New York: Basic Books, 2010
Bloodlands. Europa zwischen Hitler und Stalin 1933-1945, München: C.H. Beck, 2011

The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of A Habsburg Archduke, New York: Basic Books, 2008
Der König der Ukraine: Die geheimen Leben des Wilhelm von Habsburg, Wien: Zsolnay, 2009

Furthermore, Snyder is a regular contributor to the New York Review of Books and the New York Review of Books Blog.

[ Complete List of Publications ]


Former affiliations at the IWM:
2004-05, Visting Fellow
1996, Junior Visiting Fellow





Media Clippings by Timothy Snyder

Read a selection of Timothy Snyder's most recent comments and articles on the crises in Ukraine.
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Ukraine’s Promise of Peace Overtaken by Fresh Tragedy

The tragedy about the crackdown in Ukraine is that the day of violence began with the promise of peace. Tuesday was the day that the Ukrainian parliament was supposed to begin discussions on the basic constitutional change that is needed as a first step towards resolving the present political crisis and restoring normal governance to the country. More tragic still is that a broad consensus exists, within and without Ukraine, as to how a political exit from the crisis could be arranged.
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Don’t Let Putin Grab Ukraine

VIENNA — As Russian leaders, diplomats and commentators ponder the division of Ukraine, we must begin to ask what this would actually mean. If the present crisis ends with the fragmentation of the Ukrainian state, the result will be disastrous for all concerned, including Russia. The risk is that, in conditions of chaos and in the absence of a decisive Western stance, Russia could follow the logic of its current commitments to a very dangerous conclusion.
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Die Kunst, im kritischen Moment nichts zu tun

Im Wiener Burgtheater diskutierten am 19. Januar die beiden Historiker Timothy Snyder und Manfried Rauchensteiner, die serbische Schiftstellerin und Dramatikerin Biljana Srbljanovic sowie der Medienberater und Autor Eduard Habsburg-Lothringen über die europäische Urkatastrophe und die Lehren daraus.
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Ukraine: The New Dictatorship

On paper, Ukraine is now a dictatorship. President Viktor Yanukovych, in having the deputies of his Party of Regions endorse an extraordinary packet of legislation, has arrogated decisive political power to himself. After hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians spent weeks in the cold demonstrating for basic human rights and a stronger association with Europe, the president has responded with a violation of human rights and a rather sad imitation of Russia.
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“Die Monarchie war nicht zum Scheitern verurteilt”

2014 jährt sich der Beginn des Ersten Weltkrieges zum 100. Mal. IWM Permanent Fellow Timothy Snyder nahm dieses Ereignis zum Anlass, um über die Folgen des Ersten Weltkriegs sowie Parallelen zwischen der Habsburger Monarchie und der Europäischen Union nachzudenken. Neben einem Artikel im Feuilleton der NZZ kann an dieser Stelle ein Gespräch zwischen Timothy Snyder und Michael Freund nachgelesen werden.
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Ukraine: Putin’s Denial

Can we imagine large numbers of people spending cold nights in a tent for the idea that Russia and Ukraine are one nation? Confronting policemen? Getting beaten by clubs? Hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians in Kiev and throughout the country are spending nights in the cold and risking arrest and pain to show that they care about Ukraine and its distinct future. But they hope it will be a European one, not a Russian one.
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Why Does Karl Marx Matter?

The purpose of this lecture is to take Karl Marx seriously as a philosopher and social critic, inquire about Marxist traditions that have been lost (and found), consider with the distance of two decades the question of the Marxist character of the Soviet Union and its satellites, and to argue that the Marxist tradition is far more present in contemporary discourse and politics than we imagine. If Marx is indeed still with us, then we have little choice but to consider which Marx and why, and then to ask whether attention to the original philosophy might help us evaluate the legacy.
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A Way Out for Ukraine?

Would anyone anywhere in the world be willing to take a truncheon in the head for the sake of a trade agreement with the United States? This is the question we Americans might be asking ourselves these last few days, as we watch young Ukrainians being beaten in Kiev for protesting their own government’s decision not to enter an association agreement with the European Union.
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The Inevitability of the Unexpected.

Commentary on: Roman Szporluk: Russia, Ukraine, and the Breakup of the Soviet Union Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 2000 Few things are so little rewarded as being right at the time. Those who provide plausible reconstructions of the past are respected as historians; those who provide controversial running commentaries do well as media personalities. A historian …
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