Timothy Snyder

Timothy Snyder

Timothy Snyder (1969, Ohio) is the Richard C. Levin Professor of History at Yale University and a Permanent Fellow at the IWM. He received his Bachelor of Arts in European history and political science from Brown University in 1991. He then became a British Marshall Scholar at the University of Oxford, where he completed his doctorate in 1997.

He has held fellowships at the Centre Nationale des Recherches Scientifiques, Paris (1994-1995); the Harvard University’s Olin Institute for Strategic Studies (1997); served as an Academy Scholar at Harvard’s Center for International Affairs (1998-2001); and has held multiple fellowships at the IWM in Vienna.

Among his publications are five award-winning books, all of which have been translated.  Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, a history of Nazi and Soviet mass killing on the lands between Berlin and Moscow, received a number of honors, including the Hannah Arendt Award for Political Thought, the Leipzig Prize for European Understanding and the Ralph Waldo Emerson Award in the Humanities.


Selected Publications

On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century, New York: Tim Duggan Books, 2017.
Über Tyrannei: Zwanzig Lektionen für den Widerstand, München: C.H.Beck, 2017.

Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning, New York: Tim Duggan Books, September 2015.
Black Earth: Der Holocaust und warum er sich wiederholen kann, München: C.H.Beck, September 2015.

Stalinism and Europe: Terror, War, and Domination, 1937-1947 (edited with Ray Brandon), Oxford University Press, 2014

Thinking the 20th Century (with Tony Judt), London: Penguin Books, 2011
Nachdenken über das 20. Jahrhundert (gemeinsam mit Tony Judt), München: Hanser, 2013

Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, New York: Basic Books, 2010
Bloodlands. Europa zwischen Hitler und Stalin 1933-1945, München: C.H. Beck, 2011

The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of A Habsburg Archduke, New York: Basic Books, 2008
Der König der Ukraine: Die geheimen Leben des Wilhelm von Habsburg, Wien: Zsolnay, 2009

Furthermore, Snyder is a regular contributor to the New York Review of Books and the New York Review of Books Blog.

[ Complete List of Publications ]


Former affiliations at the IWM:
2004-05, Visting Fellow
1996, Junior Visiting Fellow





When Stalin was Hitler’s Ally

As Russia revives the tradition of wars of aggression on European territory, Vladimir Putin has chosen to rehabilitate the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact as good foreign policy. But why violate now what was for so long a Soviet taboo? Timothy Snyder explains.
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Putin’s New Nostalgia

As Russian military convoys continue the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Vladimir Putin has chosen to rehabilitate the alliance between Hitler and Stalin that began World War II. Speaking before an audience of Russian historians at the Museum of Modern Russian History, Putin said: “The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression agreement with Germany. They say, ‘Oh, how bad.’ But what is so bad about it, if the Soviet Union did not want to fight? What is so bad?”
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Moskaus Waffen und Lügen

Der Abschuss des Passagierflugzeugs über der Ukraine und die fast 300 Todesopfer werden die Haltung Moskaus im Ukraine-Konflikt kaum beeinflussen. In Europa aber könnte sich eine härtere Gangart durchsetzen. Fraglich ist, ob das reicht, den sinnlosen Krieg zu beenden.
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The Balkans as Europe

A current project within the research project United Europe – Divided History, “The Balkans as Europe,” takes a new approach to understanding the history of the Balkans and, in turn, Europe as a whole. This project places the Balkans at the center of European developments, not as a conflict-ridden problem zone, but rather as a full-fledged European region.
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Ukraine: The Edge of Democracy

This Sunday, millions of men and women will go to the urns in Ukraine to exercise their civil right to vote for a new president. Opinion polls show that the vast majority of Ukrainians throughout the country wish to remain in Ukraine and want to take part in the election.
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Stalin i Europa, 1928–1953

W połowie zeszłego stulecia niemal cała Europa padła ofiarą ambicji radzieckiego dyktatora. Gdy Stalin umierał, Związek Sowiecki prowadził politykę na skalę światową, a rola Europy w globalnym świecie bezpowrotnie zmalała. Tymczasem, jak dowodzi ta doskonale udokumentowana książka, stalinizm był zjawiskiem na wskroś europejskim: dokonanie błyskawicznej modernizacji „państwa chłopów i koczowników” nie byłoby możliwe bez zastosowania …
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Stalin and Europe: Imitation and Domination, 1928-1953

The Soviet Union was the largest state in the twentieth-century world, but its repressive power and terrible ambition were most clearly on display in Europe. Under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Union transformed itself and then all of the European countries with which it came into contact. This book considers each aspect of …
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Europa und die Ukraine: Vergangenheit und Zukunft

Die Ukraine hat keine Zukunft ohne Europa. Aber Europa hat auch keine Zukunft ohne die Ukraine.
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Far-Right Forces are Influencing Russia’s Actions in Crimea

In opinion polls held in anticipation of the presidential elections scheduled for May 25, the leaders of the Ukrainian far right receive the support of 2 percent to 3 percent of Ukrainian citizens. None of the leading candidates remotely resembles a nationalist. If elections are held, the winner will likely be a chocolate magnate or a former heavyweight boxer, neither of them remotely nationalist.
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Beneath the Hypocrisy, Putin is Vulnerable

How can Europe respond to the immediate problem of military intervention in Ukraine and the more fundamental political challenge to European values and achievements?
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Current Fellows

Former Fellows