Countering the Existential Threat:
Security Imperative, Legitimacy and Path Dependence
The project emphasizes the role of religion in ideological security states. Thereby it refers to a complex synthesis of nationalism and specific religion-secularism cleavages. The maintenance of an exclusive and ethno-nationalist interpretation of religion‘s role in the state is challenged by parallel identity concepts on the one hand and discourses opposing these hegemonic setups on the other. The analysis of religious-political parties within models of cooperation and conflict is essential for the understanding of political culture, cleavages and threat definitions.