Memory / Transit

Jenseits des Traumas.
Überlegungen zur Erinnerungsforschung in der Postmoderne

Die Erinnerungsforschung emanzipiert sich zunehmend von der Nationalgeschichte. In der Folge wird kollektives transnationales Gedächtnis oft mit Trauma gleichgesetzt. Martina Steer zeigt die Konsequenzen dieser Gleichsetzung auf und beleuchtet Perspektiven für einen breiteren Zugang zur Erforschung transnationaler Erinnerung, die nicht auf der Kategorie „Trauma“ basieren.
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Russia’s Reckoning with Katy?

Why does it matter that the Russian parliament has just declared the Katy? mass murder of 1940 to be a Stalinist crime? Seventy years on, no one doubts the responsibility of Stalin, Beria, and the Soviet NKVD for the murder of about 21,892 Polish citizens in the Katy? Forest and four other sites. Yet, according …
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Lebendige Erinnerung an die Diktatur
Was Europas Süden und Osten gemeinsam haben

Der französische Politikwissenschaftler Maurice Duverger wurde 1951 europaweit durch das „Duverger’sche Gesetz“ bekannt, demzufolge ein System einfacher Mehrheit in Einerwahlkreisen die Herausbildung eines Zweiparteiensystems begünstigt. Zehn Jahre später jedoch veröffentlichte der 1917 geborene Sozialdemokrat ein mit „De la dictature“ betiteltes Buch, in dem er nicht trockene sozialwissenschaftliche Wahlstatistik trieb, sondern einen emotionalen, gar dramatischen Ton …
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The Burden of History and the Trap of Memory

Erzwungene Wege [“Forced journeys”] is the title of the newly opened exhibition at the German Historical Museum in Berlin on the history of forced migration in Europe. It has been organized by the German League of Expellees, which represents Germans forced to migrate after WWII, and is a step towards the League’s goal to set up a permanent exhibition in the German capital. The exhibition has been the source of ongoing diplomatic conflict between Germany and its eastern neighbours – above all Poland – since the League called on Poland to pay compensation to former German owners of Polish property and even opposed Poland’s accession to the EU. Philipp Ther outlines the background of the historical conflict between Germany and Poland, the reasons behind the paradigm shift from culprit to victim in the German view of its history, and the enduring and very different memory in Poland of the German occupation.
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The Reasons for the Current Upsurge in Memory

We are witnessing a world-wide upsurge in memory. Over the last twenty or twenty-five years, every country, every social, ethnic or family group, has undergone a profound change in the relationship it traditionally enjoyed with the past. This change has taken a variety of forms: criticism of official versions of history and recovery of areas …
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Shared Memory. Buchenwald and Beyond.

I. Introduction One could say that Germans have “difficulties” with their past. Posthumous generations have started to accept collective responsibility for the moral, political, and financial consequences of the “Third Reich”. Therefore, younger age groups still see National Socialism (and not the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989) as the central historical event. German …
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Hot Memory … Cold Memory. On the Political Half-Life of Fascist and Communist Memory.

In his reflections on twentieth-century history, Memoirs of a Ravaged Century, Robert Conquest admits that for all his scathing condemnation of Soviet atrocities, “I feel” the Holocaust was “worse” than Stalinist crimes.[1] The comparative intensity of feelings makes a difficult subject for historical explanation, but these feelings are important – they happen to be my feelings too, and those of many in Europe, the Americas, and elsewhere who reflect on history.
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L’avènement mondial de la mémoire

Nous vivons l’avènement mondial de la mémoire. Depuis vingt ou vingt-cinq ans, tous les pays, tous les groupes, sociaux, ethniques, familiaux, ont été amenés à connaître un profond changement du rapport traditionnel qu’ils entretenaient avec le passé. Ce changement a pris des formes multiples: critique des versions officielles de l’histoire et remontées du refoulé historique; …
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Entre la mémoire et l’histoire

Mon propos, après bien d’autres, c’est la vérité en histoire. Il faut peut-être insister sur cette dimension critique à une époque où l’on aborde trop vite les questions de devoir de mémoire. C’est à elles que je viendrai pour finir; ce n’est pas d’elles que je partirai. Mon approche à son tour n’est que l’une de celles qui ont marqué l’épistémologie de la connaissance historique après le déclin de l’hegelianisme.
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