Re-thinking European Politics and History

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Junior Visiting Fellows’ Conferences, Vol. XXXII
IWM, Vienna 2012 [Published on the Web]

Edited by: Agnieszka Pasieka, David Petruccelli, and Ben Roth

Contributions by: Vera Asenova, Tamara Banjeglav, Philip Howe, Yulia Komleva, Olha Martynuk, Agnieszka Pasieka, David Petruccelli, Elizabeth Robinson, and Ben Roth

Introduction
‘Re-thinking European Politics and History’

A likely reaction to the title of this collection of essays might be an exasperated: ‘Again?’. Recent decades have seen perhaps unprecedented interest in issues of European politics and history, resulting from a variety of socio-political processes: the end of the Cold War and the 1989 transformation, the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the …
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Instilling the Idea of ‘Double’ Identity

One of the important, yet still unachieved goals jointly proclaimed by the governments of the European Union relatively long ago is to shape the feeling of collective identity of EU citizens. It is certainly a long and profound process, and it does not presume to oust the national consciousness of Europeans and supplant it by …
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Memory of War or War over Memory? The Official Politics of Remembering in 1990s Croatia

 “It is a poor sort of memory that only works backwards.”  Lewis Carroll 1. Introduction As Jan-Werner Müller agues, “Memory matters. (…) ‘Memory’, both individual and collective, lies at the intersection of so many of our current concerns and organises many of our current projects” (Müller 2002, 1). According to French sociologist Maurice Halbwachs, all …
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Confessions, Excuses, and the Storytelling Self:
Rereading Rousseau with Paul de Man

Recall the details of Rousseau’s self-described worst confession, the incident of Marion and the stolen ribbon (pp. 78-85).  He writes that his “conscience is still weighed down” by the event decades later, that its “bitter knowledge, far from fading, becomes more painful with the years,” and goes so far as to suggest that the need …
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Sacred Hills and Commercial Downtown:
Ethnic Meanings of Urban Spaces in Late Imperial Kiev

The division between the Uptown and the Downtown in Kiev was already apparent from the first written records about the city. The natural landscape, with its stark differences in elevation, determined inner demarcations. The Uptown, often referred simply as hills (‘pahorby’), is a chain of plateaus grooved by ravines and valleys forming three main uplands …
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Imperial Austria as a Precursor to Consociational Democracy

The consociational model of democracy, although long recognized by political scientists as a possible solution to the problems of democracy in divided societies, as not gained wide recognition among historians.  In failing to recognize non-majoritarian democratic alternatives, historians risk overlooking or misinterpreting important political developments.  Simultaneously, greater consideration of consociationalism’s history promises a better understanding …
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Small States Outside World Markets
Bulgaria’s Trade Relations with Germany and the Soviet Union, 1932-1956

Monetary and trade regimes are not politically neutral. By allowing for international economic cooperation they produce interdependent relationships among states. They also alter the incentive structures within states, which affect domestic politics and institutions. Regimes are neither all-inclusive nor truly global. Alongside global markets that trade multilaterally in convertible currencies there are a number of …
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Comparative Methodologies:
An Interdisciplinary Discussion

After the lunch break, the conference reconvened for a panel discussion on methodology that aimed at exploring and to crossing disciplinary boundaries. As an institute bringing together Junior Fellows from a diverse set of fields in the humanities and social sciences, the IWM offered a particularly promising forum for frank discussions about the promises and …
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