Aspects of European Political Culture

Aspects of European Political Culture

Junior Visiting Fellows’ Conferences, Vol. XX
IWM, Vienna 2005 [Published on the Web]

Edited by: Dagmar Kusá and Shai Moses

Contributions by: Mikolaj Kunicki, Dagmar Kusá, Sophie Loidolt, Shai Moses, Emilia Palonen, and Iryna Vushko

Aspects of European Political Culture

It is with great pleasure that we present you this collection of texts. This publication is one in a series of studies by the Junior Visiting Fellows of the Institute for Human Sciences (IWM) in Vienna that come to the Institute from various academic disciplines for half a year long fellowship. The aim of the IWM is to allow young researchers to work alongside senior researchers in a diverse and progressive environment. This publication captures the wide scope of interests that researchers share at IWM. This volume is organized around a broader understanding of the subject of political culture, defined as a set of norms, values, attitudes, spiritual, and emotional features of a society or a social group, that are related to the distribution and utilization of power in or among societies. General aim of this collection is to examine selected aspects of political culture in relation to economic, social and historical components of the (mostly Eastern) European societies...
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Notes on an Ethics of Human Rights. From the Question of Committment to a Phenomenological Theory of Reason and Back.

In thinking human rights, Europe can claim a certain political and philosophical culture. As much as this is a historical fact , it is a complication on a theoretical level: The inherent claim for universalism in the concept of human rights demands legitimization beyond cultural and historical boundaries...
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Operationalizing Political and Economic Culture in Eastern Europe

This short paper aims to shed some light on this subject through a comparative examination of some aspects of political and economic culture competences that affect the economic convergence of Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) to the EU. The main questions to be addressed are: How do political and heritage values contribute to the process of CEECs’ economic convergence? What is the role of economic culture in this story? And more specifically, why do some new Members succeed to converge closer than others?
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Enlightened Absolutism, Imperial Bureaucracy and Provincial Society. Austrian Project to Transform Galicia 1772-1815

The piece cited above was published in 1882 in Leipzig in the collection/periodical, edited by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch. Signed by Hofrath (the easiest translation is just “counselor”) von Sacher-Masoch and published by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, it seems to be written by Leopold’s father, who himself occupied an important post in Galician administration and together with his family resided in Lemberg , the capital of Galicia in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Yet the memoirs are composed in a very special way. Instead of sharing his own experience, Hofrath von Sacher Masoch recounted the experience of his father, Johan Nepomuk von Sacher...
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The Nationalist Right Under Communism. Boleslaw Piasecki and the Polish Communists 1944-1979

The British journalist Lucjan Blit’s observation, which opens my essay, illustrates the popular opinion about the politics of Boleslaw Piasecki (1915-1979), a prominent Polish nationalist politician, who started his career as a fascist and ended it as a pro-Communist Catholic activist. This widely held belief identified him as a political chameleon – the arch-villain of Polish politics and a turncoat who used Machiavellian tactics to get to the top. Later, for anti-communist dissidents in the 1970s, Piasecki was a fascist turned Soviet agent, a perverse phenomenon (Michnik 1993, 40)...
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Constructing Communities: From Local to National, Transnational aand ‘Activist’ Politics of Memory in Europe

Within the European Union at least since the failed referenda on the EU constitution, there has been a strong realization that nationllism has been strengthened in the European countries, even in Western Europe, which has been seen as the civilized counterpart of the nationalistic Eastern Europe. In my paper I look at the construction of political communities through processes of me memory and the politics of memory. I seek to highlight that there are politics of memory on different levels of political community building, not only the national or the European federal level....
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Je Me Souviens… Historic Memory and Historic Amnesia in Central European Politics

Sixteen years after the wave of the revolutions that toppled half a century of communist rule in Central Europe Slovakia, Czech Republic, and Hungary are members of the European Union with fully consolidated democratic regimes. Yet their domestic political scenes are still split along the ethnic lines and latent ethnic conflict is palpable within as well as across the borders. This paper focuses on one of the main factors that feed the continuing ethnic tensions in politics, and that is the manipulation with historical history by the political figures. National elites often use references to the events in ethnic groups past as ready-made weapons against representatives of other ethnic groups, or as a lure to attract voters within their own community.
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