Unfinished Utopia: Nowa Huta, Stalinism, and Polish Society 1949-56

Nowa Huta_Lebow

Unfinished Utopia is a social and cultural history of Nowa Huta, dubbed Poland’s “first socialist city” by Communist propaganda of the 1950s. Work began on the new town, located on the banks of the Vistula River just a few miles from the historic city of Kraków, in 1949. By contrast to its older neighbor, Nowa Huta was intended to model a new kind of socialist modernity and to be peopled with “new men,” themselves both the builders and the beneficiaries of this project of socialist construction. Nowa Huta was the largest and politically most significant of the socialist cities built in East Central Europe after World War II; home to the massive Lenin Steelworks, it epitomized the Stalinist program of forced industrialization that opened the cities to rural migrants and sought fundamentally to transform the structures of Polish society.

Focusing on Nowa Huta’s construction and steel workers, youth brigade volunteers, housewives, activists, and architects, Katherine Lebow explores their various encounters with the ideology and practice of Stalinist mobilization by seeking out their voices in memoirs, oral history interviews, and archival records, juxtaposing these against both the official and unofficial transcripts of Stalinism. Far from the gray and regimented landscape we imagine Stalinism to have been, the fledgling city was a colorful and anarchic place where the formerly disenfranchised (peasants, youth, women) hastened to assert their leading role in “building socialism”—but rarely in ways that authorities had anticipated.

Katherine Lebow is Research Fellow at the Vienna Wiesenthal Institute (Project: “Postwar Testimony, Polish Survivors, and the Cultural Specificities of Narrative Practice”). She was an IWM Visiting Fellow in 2013.

 

 

Recent Publications

  • Wenn Demokratien demokratisch untergehen

    Demokratie ist die Regierungsform unserer Zeit. Dennoch erodiert ihre Legitimität gleichsam von innen heraus. Wie vollzieht sich dieser Prozess und welche Handlungsmöglichkeiten gibt es, dem demokratischen Untergang der Demokratie entgegenzuwirken? Die weltweite Verbreitung und Beliebtheit der Demokratie gehen mit ihrer Krise einher. Im historischen Moment ihrer größten Ausdehnung scheint – aus dem Innern der Demokratie …
    Read more

  • La città post-secolare. Il nuovo dibattito sulla secolarizzazione

    In breve Il tema con cui questo libro si misura è il passato prossimo della teoria della secolarizzazione. Ha quindi a che fare con il destino della religione, e pure della laicità, oggi. L’Autore intende offrire un ritratto affidabile dell’evoluzione recente di un dibattito cruciale, tornato al centro della discussione pubblica, in modo da fornire …
    Read more

  • Widening the Context: The Eurozine Anthology

    What started thirty-five years ago as an informal meeting of European editors became the basis for Eurozine, founded in 1998 as an online cultural journal and editorial network. To celebrate this double anniversary, Eurozine has published a print anthology spanning the project chronologically, thematically, generically and geographically. The book provides an insight into two decades …
    Read more