Refugee Crisis in Focus

The current refugee crisis turned out to be a major test not only for the institutions of the European Union, but also for the European consciousness. Thousands of people arriving at EU borders every day provoked questions at multiple levels – from personal to geopolitical. On this blog, edited by Paweł Marczewski, scholars and commentators connected to the Institute or invited by the editor attempt to provide some answers.

Refugees

  • Vienna’s War on Drugs: Refugee Crises and the Recriminalization of Narcotics

    The recent refugee crisis in Europe has resurrected many specters the continent thought it had banished. Calls for increased national sovereignty and a limitation on or dismantling of the EU, for an abandonment of multicultural policies and for strict immigration controls, have grown louder and more insistent. It may also revitalize the global drug control regime. Vienna’s efforts to stamp out the drug trade in the 1920s-30s helped birth the global war on drugs. The city’s efforts today may help save it.
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  • In Defence of Free Movement

    Asserting a human right to free movement without explaining how it could be accepted by states as a norm of international law risks disconnecting moral critique from political reform. In the present world the admission of refugees and other forced migrants must be governed by principles of human rights, humanitarian duties and burden sharing between states rather than by a right of free movement.
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  • “Let’s Go England!”: Multiple Facets of the Jungle of Calais

    The jungle is presented in the media as an informal settlement where hardly any service is available, where 4500 people from Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria or Eritrea converge in the hope of crossing the Channel and setting foot on the British soil. Is it really a place of exception, where the rule of law is suspended and the only function of the state is containment?
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  • Where Do We Want the EU’s Borders to Lie?

    The centres and camps that already exist at Europe’s borders (and those being proposed) are not simply de-territorialized, exceptional, ‘waiting spaces’ where European rights do not (yet) apply. They are rather sites that are crucial to the sorting and organization of the right to European rights, through a principle of differentiated inclusion. Access to the right to asylum is thus no longer regulated through physical presence on national territory, but determined in geographically-dispersed locations.
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  • Hungary’s Anti-European Immigration Laws

    Viktor Orbán, who has styled himself as the defender of Europe’s “Christian civilization” against an Islamic invasion, has encouraged other eastern European governments to follow his example in violating EU norms. If Hungarians ultimately opt for an illiberal democracy, as Prime Minister Viktor Orbán publicly advocated over a year ago, they must accept certain consequences. These include parting from the European Union and the wider community of liberal democracies.
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  • Central Europe and the Refugees

    West European elites carry the burden of a bad conscience with respect to people from the South. There is nothing of the sort in the East where people are unanimous in recalling their own suffering and their historical innocence, and in affirming that “we are not responsible for the miseries of the world.”
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  • Syrian Origins of the Refugee Crisis: The Cost of No Policy?

    Europe's proximity to Syria means it now has to deal with the refugees. This could have been anticipated in 2013, yet European countries choose to ignore it time and time again. More gravely, by taking a marginal role in the crisis, Europe has let Turkey, the Gulf states, Iran, Hezbollah and Russia determine Syria’s future. It has allowed the most liberal and moderate-minded rebels to be excluded from Syrian politics.
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  • The Refugee Crisis that Europe Solved

    The refugee crisis in Europe after the Second World War was far worse than the EU faces today, but a successful structure arose in 1945 because the world assumed it could solve the refugee problem. Today, we accept refugees as a permanent consequence of modern global affairs and respond to each individual crisis without looking for long-term solutions.
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  • Hungary’s Response to the Refugee Crisis: An Orchestrated Panic

    Why is Hungary, the first communist country to dismantle the Iron Curtain, now busy building a fence in order to keep refugees out? The answer is: domestic politics.
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  • If You Push for Regime Change, You Get the Refugees Too

    Indians, Pakistanis and others have a right to question Europe on its immigration and citizenship policies, not just because of the presence of Asians and Africans in Europe but because none of the European countries have borne the flow of refugees that the South has seen.
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  • Warnings from Another Refugee Crisis

    The last world war began amidst a refugee crisis. In discussions of refugees today, many European politicians neglect to mention how exclusion led to murder the last time around.
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  • Eastern Europe’s Compassion Deficit

    Commenting on the flow of migrants making their way through Hungary to Austria and Germany, a Hungarian journalist told me recently: “We don’t have cities anymore. Only an extended railway station.”
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UkraineInFocus

Recent Transit online Articles

  • Gott ist Russe

    Der Russe blickte dem Teufel ins Auge, er legte Gott auf die Couch des Psychoanalytikers und begriff, dass seine Nation die Welt erlösen kann. Ein gequälter Gott erzählte dem Russen eine Geschichte vom Scheitern. Am Anfang war das Wort, Reinheit und Vollkommenheit, und das Wort war Gott. Doch dann beging Gott eine Jugendsünde.
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  • Hungary’s Real Indians

    Native Americans have long been beloved in Hungary, where ‘Indians’ stand for what is real, endangered and exceptional. Viktor Orbán has used the trope to channel demographic anxiety and bolster his anti-migrant rhetoric, but it could also spell trouble for his politics of fear.
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  • Can It Happen Here? Our Central European Future

    Austria may come to play an ominous role in the deepening conflict between East and West, writes Carl Henrik Fredriksson. The future of the EU will be decided in Central Europe.
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  • Suspekte Solidarität. Gesellschaftlicher Protest in Polen nach 1989

    Solidarität als Prinzip und Bewegung gehört zum Gründungsmythos des postkommunistischen Polen. Dass Vertreter unterschiedlichster Gruppen der Gesellschaft zusammenarbeiteten und gemeinsam Widerstand leisteten, wird oft als Hauptmerkmal des polnischen Wegs aus dem Kommunismus betrachtet. Angesichts dieses Erbes ist es umso merkwürdiger, dass sich in den polnischen öffentlichen Debatten der 1990er Jahre ein Stereotyp herausbildete, demzufolge die Mehrzahl der sozialen Proteste in Polen von gesellschaftlich, politisch oder ökonomisch Ausgeschlossenen ausgeht.
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