Herwig Czech holds a post-doctoral grant of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (APART) in History. He works as a researcher at the Institute of Contemporary History at the University of Vienna and the Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance (DÖW). Currently he is Visiting Fellow at the IWM.
After the annexation of Austria in 1938, Vienna – then the second largest city of the German Reich – had become an experimental field for the implementation of the regime’s racial hygiene and health policies. While the „nazification“ of medicine and its fatal consequences for large groups of the population have been in the focus of scholars for some time, the immediate legacy of the Nazi regime and the war regarding health and medicine has only received scant attention. How was this legacy dealt with in the context of limited resources, the necessities of reconstruction, and the partly diverging interests among various Austrian players and the occupying powers in the incipient Cold War?